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Linux Fundamentals (LN4986)

This five-day course focuses on the fundamental tools and concepts of Linux and Unix. Students gain proficiency using the command line. Beginners develop a solid foundation in Unix, while advanced users discover patterns and fill in gaps in their knowledge. The course material is designed to provide extensive hands-on experience. Topics include: basic file manipulation; basic and advanced file system features; I/O redirection and pipes; text manipulation and regular expressions; managing jobs and processes; vi, the standard Unix editor; automating tasks with shell scripts; managing software; secure remote administration; and more.

A preferential rate (-15%) applies to the regular cost for non-profit organizations, as well as the government sector. In addition, you can benefit from additional advantages through a corporate agreement when you need to train several people or teams in your company. Contact us for details.

Public class

Duration: 
5 days / 35 hours

Private class

On site / Virtual classroom
Minimum no. of participants: 4
5 days / 35 hours
Price on request
English or French
Training plan: 

Module 1: What is Linux?

  • Unix and its Design Principles
  • FSF and GNU
  • GPL – General Public License
  • The Linux Kernel
  • Linux Kernel and Versioning
  • Components of a Distribution
  • Slackware
  • SUSE Linux Products
  • Debian
  • Ubuntu
  • Red Hat Linux Products
  • Oracle Linux

Module 2: Login and exploration

  • Logging In
  • Running Programs
  • Interacting with Command Line
  • Desktop Environments
  • GNOME
  • Starting X
  • Gathering Login Session Info
  • Gathering System Info
  • uptime & w
  • got root?
  • Switching User Contexts
  • sudo
  • Help from Commands and Documentation
  • whereis
  • Getting Help Within the Graphical Desktop
  • Getting Help with man & info
  • $MANPATH, whatis and apropos

Module 3: The Linux filesystem

  • Filesystem Support
  • Unix/Linux Filesystem Features
  • Filesystem Hierarchy Standard
  • Navigating the Filesystem
  • Displaying Directory Contents
  • Filesystem Structures
  • Determining Disk Usage With df and du
  • Determining Disk Usage (GUI)
  • Disk Usage with Quotas
  • File Ownership
  • Default Group Ownership
  • File and Directory Permissions
  • File Creation Permissions with umask
  • SUID and SGID on files
  • SGID and Sticky Bit on Directories
  • Changing File Permissions
  • User Private Group Scheme

Module 4: Manipulating files

  • Directory Manipulation
  • File Manipulation
  • Deleting and Creating Files
  • Managing Files Graphically
  • Drag and drop with Nautilus
  • Physical Unix File Structure
  • Filesystem Links
  • File Extensions and Content
  • Displaying Files
  • Previewing Files
  • Producing File Statistics
  • Displaying Binary Files
  • Searching the Filesystem
  • Alternate Search Method

Module 5: Shell basics

  • Role of Command Shell
  • Communication Channels
  • File Redirection
  • Piping Commands Together
  • Filename Matching
  • File Globbing and Wildcard Patterns
  • Brace Expansion
  • Shell and Environment Variables
  • Key Environment Variables
  • Which and Type
  • General Quoting Rules
  • Nesting Commands

Module 6: Archiving and compression

  • Archives with tar
  • Archives with cpio
  • The gzip Compression Utility
  • The bzip2 Compression Utility
  • The XZ Compression Utility
  • The PKZIP Archiving/Compression format
  • GNOME File Roller

Module 7: Text processing

  • Searching Inside Files
  • The Streaming Editor
  • Text Processing with Awk
  • Replacing Text Characters
  • Text Sorting
  • Duplicate Removal Utility
  • Extracting Columns of Text
  • Combining Files and Merging Text
  • Comparing File Changes

Module 8: Regular expressions

  • Regular Expression Overview
  • Regular Expression Implementations
  • Regular Expressions
  • RE Character Classes
  • Regex Quantifiers
  • RE Parenthesis

Module 9: Text editing

  • Text Editing
  • Pico/GNU Nano
  • Pico/Nano Interface
  • Nano configuration
  • Pico/Nano Shortcuts
  • vi and Vim
  • Learning Vim
  • Basic vi
  • Intermediate vi

Module 10: Messaging

  • System Messaging Commands
  • Controlling System Messaging
  • Internet Relay Chat
  • Instant Messenger Clients
  • Electronic Mail
  • Sending Email with sendmail
  • Sending and Receiving Email with mailx
  • Sending and Receiving Email with mutt
  • Sending Email with Pine
  • Evolution

Module 11: Command shells

  • Shells
  • Identifying the Shell
  • Changing the Shell
  • Shell Configuration Files
  • Script Execution
  • Bourne Shell: Shell Prompts
  • Bash: Bourne-Again Shell
  • Bash: Configuration Files
  • Bash: Command Line History
  • Bash: Command Editing
  • Bash: Command Completion
  • Bash: "shortcuts"
  • Bash: prompt
  • Setting Resource Limits via ulimit

Module 12: Introduction to shell scripting

  • Shell Script Strengths and Weaknesses
  • Example Shell Script
  • Positional Parameters
  • Input & Output
  • Doing Math
  • Exit Status
  • Comparisons with test
  • Conditional Statements
  • Flow Control: case
  • The borne for-Loop
  • The while and until Loops

Module 13: Process management and job control

  • What is a Process?
  • Process Lifecycle
  • Process States
  • Viewing Processes
  • Signals
  • Tools to Send Signals
  • nohup and disown
  • Managing Processes
  • Tuning Process Scheduling
  • Job Control Overview
  • Job Control Commands
  • Persistent Shell Sessions with tmux
  • Persistent Shell Sessions with Screen
  • Using screen
  • Advanced Screen

Module 14: AT and CRON

  • Automating Tasks
  • at/batch
  • cron
  • The crontab Command
  • crontab Format
  • /etc/cron.*/ Directories
  • Anacron
  • Systemd Timers

Module 15: Managing software

  • Downloading with FTP
  • FTP
  • lftp
  • Command Line Internet – Non-interactive
  • Command Line Internet – Interactive
  • Managing Software Dependencies
  • Using the Yum & DNF commands
  • Using Yum history
  • Yum package groups
  • Configuring Yum
  • dnf download & yumdownloader (deprecated)
  • Popular Yum Repositories
  • Using the Zypper command
  • Zypper Services and Catalogs
  • The dselect & APT Frontends to dpkg
  • Aptitude
  • Configuring APT

Module 16: The secure shell (SSH)

  • Secure Shell
  • OpenSSH Client & Server Configuration
  • Accessing Remote Shells
  • Transferring Files
  • Alternative sftp Clients
  • SSH Key Management
  • ssh-agent

Module 17: Mounting filesystems & managing removable media

  • Filesystems Concept Review
  • Mounting Filesystems
  • NFS
  • SMB
  • Filesystem Table (/etc/fstab)
  • AutoFS
  • Removable Media

Module 18: Printing

  • Legacy Print Systems
  • Common UNIX Printing System
  • Defining a Printer
  • Standard Print Commands
  • Format Conversion Utilities
  • enscript and mpage
Exclusives: 
  • One year access to the class recording
  • Access to the lab environment during the training
  • Course material accessible in electronic format
  • Certificate of attendance
Prerequisites: 

No familiarity with Linux or other Unix operating systems is required.

Contact us for more information on pricing::

Eccentrix
Office: 1-888-718-9732
E-mail: info@eccentrix.ca

130, King Street West, Suite 1800
Toronto, Ontario M5X 1E3
www.eccentrix.ca